What Does Drying Mean? Why is it done?
Drying is the process of removing this water, which is in the wood material and is not suitable for its intended use. In an ideal drying, the quality of the material to be dried should be preserved and the drying time should be in the optimum time.
If the process is not done correctly, the wood material with an unsuitable dryness level will change its dimensions by giving off or giving off moisture during use. This means that undesirable defects occur in products made of wood. For example; Loosening in the joints of massive furniture that loses moisture, turning in the doors in the window joinery, openings between the floorboards occur. For this reason, the wood material should be dried to the degree of dryness required by the place of use before use.
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Benefits of Drying;
Drying process gives many properties to well and correctly dried wood material.
- Well-dried wood material does not rot if its dryness is maintained. Rotting fungi need humidity, temperature and oxygen together to maintain their function in wood material. By keeping one of these factors under control, rotting of the timber can be prevented. The humidity factor is kept under control by drying.
- Well-dried lumber works very little. Thus, the probability of occurrence of defects such as cracking, warping and rotation is reduced.
- A correct drying process facilitates the processing of the timber to obtain uniform dimensions and surfaces.
- Dried wood material gives better results in gluing and gluing.
- A correct drying maximizes the success rate of protective surface treatments (for example, impregnation) against external factors.
- The strength, hardness, nail and paint holding ability of dried timber increases.
- In kiln-dried timber, worming is eliminated.